St John Damascene

An Exact Exposition of the Orthodox Faith


That the Deity is incomprehensible, and that we ought not to pry into and meddle with tire things which have not been delivered to us by the holy Prophets, and Apostles, and Evangelists.

No one hath seen God at any time; the Only-begotten Son, which is in the bosom of the Father, He hath declared Him(1). The Deity, therefore, is ineffable and incomprehensible. For no one knoweth the Father, save the Son, nor the Son, save the Father(2). And the Holy Spirit, too, so knows the things of God as the spirit of the man knows the things that are in him(3). Moreover, after the first and blessed nature no one, not of men only, but even of supramundane powers, and the Cherubim, I say, and Seraphim themselves, has ever known God, save he to whom He revealed Himself.

Pentecost, Saint John Chrysostom

Who did the Holy Spirit come upon?
Was it upon the twelve that it [the Holy Spirit] came? Not so; but upon the hundred and twenty. For Peter would not have quoted to no purpose the testimony of the prophet, saying, 'And it shall come to pass in the last days, saith the Lord God, I will pour out of My Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams' (Joel 2:28). 'And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit.' For, that the effect may not be to frighten only, therefore it is both 'with the Holy Spirit, and with fire. And began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance' (Mt. 3:11).

Εὐχὴ Γ' τοῦ Ἁγίου Ἰωάννου τοῦ Δαμασκηνοῦ

Ὁ λέγων αὐτήν τὴν Εὐχήν κάθε ἑσπέρας, μετὰ κατανύξεως, ἐὰν ἐπέλθη ἐπ' αὐτὸν ἡ φοβερά ὥρα τοῦ θανάτου ἐν τῇ νυκτί ταύτη, λυτροῦται τῆς κολάσεως, ἐλέει Θεοῦ.
Εὔσπλαγχνε καὶ πολυέλεε Κύριε Ἰησοῦ Χριστὲ ὁ Θεός μου, ὁ ἐλθὼν εἰς τὸν κόσμον ἁμαρτωλούς σῶσαι, ὧν πρῶτός εἰμι ἐγώ, ἐλέησόν με πρὸ τῆς ἐμῆς τελευτῆς.
Οἶδα γὰρ ὅτι φρικτὸν καὶ φοβερὸν ἀναμένει με δικαστήριον ἐνώπιον πάσης τῆς κτίσεως, ὅτε καὶ τῶν ἐναγῶν καὶ παμβεβήλων μου πράξεων ἁπασῶν φανέρωσις γίνεται· ἀσύγγνωστα γὰρ ὡς ἀληθῶς καὶ ἀνάξια ὑπάρχουσι συγχωρήσεως, ὡς ὑπερβαίνοντα τῷ πλήθει ψάμμον θαλάσσιον.
Διὰ τοῦτο καὶ οὐ τολμῶ τὴν αἴτησιν τῆς ἀφέσεως τούτων ποιήσασθαι, Δέσποτα, ὅτι πλεῖον πάντων ἀνθρώπων εἰς Σέ ἐπλημμέλησα.
Ὅτι ὑπὲρ τὸν ἄσωτον ἀσώτως ἐβίωσα,
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